Sovereign over All Things

The New Testament applies messianic promises from the Psalms to the present reign of Jesus. Already he possesses all authority

Stars over mountains - Photo by Brendan Miranda on Unsplash
According to the New Testament, Jesus has reigned over the Cosmos since his death and resurrection. Already he governs from the messianic throne of David. He himself declared this to his disciples after his resurrection. Because of his obedience to death, God raised him from the dead and enthroned him at His right side where he is now sovereign over the earth - [
Photo by Brendan Miranda on Unsplash].

Before his ascension, Jesus declared that God had granted him all authority whether in heaven or on earth. His sovereignty is without any limitations.
  • (Matthew 28:18-20) - “And Jesus, coming near, spoke to them, saying, All authority in heaven and on earth is given to me; Go, therefore, and disciple all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I myself have commanded you. And, behold, I am with you all the days until the conclusion of the age.
When he arrived in Caesarea Philippi, Jesus asked his disciples, “Who do men say that the Son of man is?” Peter declared: “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Then he disclosed that he must “go to Jerusalem and suffer many things of the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed,” though God would resurrect him on the third day - (Matthew 16:13-28).


Jesus summoned his disciples to follow his path by denying themselves and “taking up the cross” and emulating his self-sacrificial service. By its very nature, discipleship often means unjust suffering. And in Mark, the Son of God is not recognized by any man as Messiah until he dies on the Roman cross.

But God raised him from the dead, and one day he will return in glory to judge all things. But he would not appear as the Son of Man “on the clouds” before he endured unjust suffering at the hands of the unrighteous.

Christ promised that some of his disciples would not die until they saw the “Son of man coming in his kingdom,” a clause that alludes to the vision from the book of Daniel:
  • I continued looking in the visions of the night, when, behold, with the clouds of the heavens, one like a son of man was coming, and to the Ancient of days he approached, and before him they brought him near; and to him were given dominion and dignity and kingship, that all peoples, races and tongues unto him should do service, his dominion was an everlasting dominion, which should not pass away, and his kingdom that which should not be destroyed” – (Daniel 7:13-14).
After his resurrection, Jesus declared that “all authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth.” As the resurrected Messiah, he laid claim to ALL authority, just as foreseen by the Prophet Daniel. His words also echo the messianic prophecy from the second Psalm:
  • (Psalm 2:7-8) – “Let me tell of a decree, Yahweh said to me, You are my son. I, this day, have begotten you. Ask of me and let me give nations as your inheritance, and as your possession, the ends of the earth.”
Starry Sky - Photo by Michael on Unsplash
[Photo by Michael on Unsplash]

This absolute authority over heaven and earth is precisely why Jesus commanded his disciples to herald his gospel to all nations. From then on, he was (and is) the sovereign over all the nations, the “
ruler of the kings of the earth,” and his disciples were to proclaim that new governmental order over all the earth - (Revelation 1:5-6).


And it was because of his faithfulness that God raised him from the dead and made him absolute Lord over the Cosmos:
  • (Acts 2:34-36) – “For David has not ascended into the heavens; but he said himself, Said the Lord to my Lord, Sit at my right hand until I make your foes your footstool. Assuredly, then, let all the house of Israel know that both Lord and Christ has God made him, even the same Jesus whom ye crucified.
  • (Ephesians 1:20-22) – “Which he energized in the Christ when he raised him from among the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenlies, Over-above all principality, authority, and power, and lordship, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the coming one. And did put all things in subjection beneath his feet. And gave him to be head over all things unto the assembly.
Thus, already, Jesus has all the authority necessary to reign over the Cosmos, and he does so. He is not waiting to receive sovereignty at some future point.

And because he does possess all authority, he is dispatching his disciples to proclaim the good news of his reign to all nations. Anyone who rejects his “good news” defies the sovereignty of the Son of Man, and thus, aligns with the “the nations that rage” against Yahweh’s anointed - (Psalm 2:1-2).